It may require more coats than oil-based. 3. Both of these types of products are an eye irritant, and both may cause skin irritation as well. Oil based polyurethane or Water-borne polyurethane…. We hope you get the perfect varathane polyurethane from the above list. There can certainly be exceptions (some of which are noted below) but the below overview should make your decision easy 90% of the time…. When used on furniture, make sure that it is completely dry before touching or moving it. Directions for online order pickup, Water Based Sealers Want to put on six layers? Fair Lawn, NJ 07410 USA The addition of urethane to water-based finishes makes it tougher and more resistant to scratches. But it’s a guess. Oil based poly is darker as compared to the water based one which is clear. Since the conditions of use are beyond our control, this company cannot assume responsibility for any risk or liabilities that may result from the use of its products. It’s a very warm, almost rosewood or dark cherry color, matte vs. glossy. What is important is that you know how to use each one correctly and that you use them according to their strengths. Water Based Pigmented Lacquers If you’re trying to make something virtually bombproof, oil based may be the way to go, but the hazardous additives and flammable solvents you’d need means you would almost be making a bomb. 1) Minwax Water Based Oil – Modified Polyurethane, gallon, Satin MINWAX has been the company that creates the best chemicals in the world. Wiping varnish, usually a type of polyurethane, comes premixed, but you can make your own by thinning regular varnish with mineral spirits. So beware how you use it; sanding rubbing down seems like a huge amount of work for a simple finish? Some water-based finishes can also be damaged when exposed to water for long periods of time. Water-Based or Oil-Based Polyurethane Although both have their strengths and weaknesses, when it comes to picking the best polyurethane for tabletop, oil … However, the low solvents in water based polyurethane gives it a longer “pot life” (the amount of time you can work with it before it becomes unusable) and it is easier on your equipment. The disadvantages of using oil-based polyurethane are the high amount of toxicity that it contains due to harmful chemicals that will require more time to dry than water based. Oil-based polyurethane has a more distinct odor and takes a longer time to dry than water-based ones. Tung oil takes up to 48 hours to dry. Water-based oil-modified: Appears cloudy in the can but dries to a tough, amber-color film, like an oil. Water-based vs. oil-based polyurethanes Finishers compare notes, experiences, and opinions on the comparative durability of water- and oil-based polyurethane Question I would like to know if water-based polyurethane is as hard a Emits fewer odors: One of the drawbacks of oil-based polyurethane is the overwhelming odor that it produces. One good method of applying oil-based polyurethane is to use mineral spirits to thin the finish before wiping it on. Water-based polyurethane is also more expensive than oil-based ones, usually costing twice as much. Would you share your opinion on what we should do? A water-based poly, therefore, can easily scratch. This will tell you how long ground/home delivery will take to arrive. In addition to that, it is also prone to watermarks and may also raise the wood’s grains. The old method of feathering brush stokes together with varnish, linseed oil and transparent paints does not apply here. Keep in mind that there are variations to each urethane type, so read the product spec sheet carefully. Likewise, some people find oil based poly dents and peels easier, whereas water based poly might scratch easier. This will ensure that the paint remains the color you originally chose It takes more coats of water based poly to reach the same level of toughness compared to the solvent based. What lasts longer on wood, penetrates, Etc. Oil-based polyurethane only requires around two to three coats since it contains 45 to 50 percent of the solids that create the protective finish. Yes, you can use oil over water polyurethane and water over oil polyurethane. Thank you!!! However, oil based stains have some added health hazards involved. Fast drying and compatible with all woods; cleans up with water. Water-based polyurethane will give off little if any odor compared to oil-based poly—a real issue if your finish room happens to be in your basement. I have some old 1999-2000 Michael’s (later Restoration Hardware) stained oak bedroom furniture. We are not sure if we should use the oil-based or water-based poly. Or if not, do you have any recommendations? Oil-based polyurethane can withstand extreme temperatures which makes it a good choice for exterior surfaces and furniture. Strictly Necessary Cookie should be enabled at all times so that we can save your preferences for cookie settings. In both cases, it is better to apply thinner coats when working with vertical areas so that there are minimal drips or runs. It is also very easy to apply. Usually, you have to wait four to five hours before applying new coats and twelve hours after applying the last coat before you can actually use your furniture. However, I would stick to applying polyurethane instead of using the epoxy resin. Thanks for the article. Your email address will not be published. A well-engineered water based poly usually contains little or no ingredients considered “hazardous chemicals” as defined by OSHA. Oil based polyurethane had the edge here for a while, but water based polyurethane (especially the self-crosslinking variety) has caught up – it’s now equal to solvent based products regarding scuff, mar, UV, water, and corrosion resistance. Breathing its harmful vapors may cause lung irritation, and prolonged use the product may lead to liver and kidney damage. Water based polyurethane is extremely versatile; it will bond to nearly anything including wood, (non-ferrous) metal, fiberglass, stone, cement and carbon fiber. Which would be preferable for this application in a high traffic area with lots of natural light? It basically has two kinds: water based vs. oil based polyurethane. It is also easier to apply than water-based polyurethane and is one of the best options to use if you want your furniture to have a natural look. Disclaimer: The information and suggestions in this website are, to the best of our knowledge, reliable. It is very hard to choose from water-based vs. oil-based polyurethane, especially if you are not used to working with wood. Do I sand between coats? The oil varnish will sit as a layer and not properly bond. Furthermore, it releases fewer harmful chemicals and their containers can be disposed of in regular trashcans instead of special ones for hazardous wastes. Give it a few days of dry time and more if your house is humid. Oil-based is more durable and will provide a longer lasting finish, but water-based poly is clearer and suitable for all wood types, and colors. However, unlike the oil-based ones, the waiting time between coats is usually only about two hours. Let’s start with why you would use polyurethane in the first place vs. other types of wood finishes such as shellac, lacquer, varnish, etc. 800.752.9922 (USA & Canada) Finally, water-based poly dries a lot faster, giving dust less time to settle out of the air into your finish. Water Based Varishes Once fully dried, is oil based polyurethane safe for children used on a kitchen table? I repeat it has to be DRY. If you didn’t find your desired one check out the Rust-Oleum 9341 Ultimate Spar Urethane Oil Based, Quart, Satin is also the most sold item in the market. I am looking into the Oil-based urethane option. If all else fails, could I apply epoxy resin over the oil based high gloss polyurethane? Water Based Polyurethane VS Oil-Based Polyurethane The main considerations between the water or oil-based items will be the durability factor. is also the most sold item in the market. Jackie – Thank you for our inquiry. At the same time, the odor can cause you harm which means that you have to let it dry in a highly ventilated area. Water-based polyurethane has all the benefits of the oil-based ones, but it dries a lot faster and the odor is not as distinct. Janet – Thank you for sharing your inquiry with us. The main difference between water- and oil-based products is the appearance of the finish. Also plan on waiting at least twelve hours before the last application and moving furniture back into your room. Water-based polyurethane has all the benefits of the oil-based ones, but it dries a lot faster and the odor is not as distinct. The organic solvents in oil-based products soak the wood grain, so … Target Coatings will email you when your order is ready for pick-up. However, it has been discovered in recent years that water-based polyurethane works just as well. But, on top of the initial cost, you also need to consider that you will need to The reason being that the oil products are designed to penetrate into wood fibers while water finishes sit on top. Oil-based polyurethane (front of lead photo) adds an amber color and chatoyance. It basically has two kinds: water based vs. oil based polyurethane. We are installing pine shiplap boards on our walls. No, I do not know the exact type of finish that was used on your furniture, however, considering that it was made at the turn of Y2K it is probably finished with a conversion varnish or catalyzed lacquer. Thanks. Customer MUST WEAR A PROTECTIVE MASK at time of pick-up per NJ State Law. These factors may include your experience level, the temperature and other weather conditions in your work area, and even the amount of dust in it. Warehouse hours are 9:00am to 4:30pm, Monday -Thursday. Please share your thoughts or read what others are saying in the comments section below. Although oil based polyurethane seems to contain more in it, when it comes to cost water based is the one that will eat up more of your home improvement money. This means that every time you visit this website you will need to enable or disable cookies again. Polyurethane Polyurethane is like a liquid plastic, often either a pure synthetic plastic or a blend with resin. It also has a tendency to stay on the furniture’s surface instead of penetrating it so it actually makes the wood’s color lighter. However, it is not as heat resistant as oil-based polyurethane. It is recommended for surfaces that see little exposure to heat or the elements, such as desks, bookcases and end tables. The main difference is usually color: water based polyurethanes are completely clear and (again, if well engineered) will not yellow over time. Can you apply epoxy resin over polyurethane? When used as paint or varnish, it can provide a hard, durable gloss that is resistant to water and different kinds of chemicals. can I put oil base varnish un top of water base varnish, No, oil based top coats don’t work over water based varnishes. In terms of durability, oil-based polyurethane has its water-based counterpart beat. Have you tried a pin? Furthermore, it releases fewer harmful chemicals and their containers can b… All things being equal (temperature, humidity, etc.) In terms of “feel,” because it’s thicker, one coat of oil-based poly would probably feel softer than water based poly (but rarely is only one coat of water based poly used). I accidentally used oil based high gloss polyurethane over contact paper on my island kitchen and just read that water based is suppose to be used instead. Water based poly can have the same longevity. oil based polyurethane will take about two to three times longer to dry between coats compared to faster-drying water based polyurethane. I also noticed that after I put the contact paper down on my counters, it formed a lot of small bubbles and can’t redo since the oil based polyurethane has already been applied. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Both oil-based and water-based polyurethane are the most effective finishes that you can use if you want your furniture to have good protection and if you want to make their wood tougher. A good rule of thumb: for every coat of oil based polyurethane, you may need to apply at least two coats of water based polyurethane. You can choose either water based or oil based polyurethane based on your needs which comes in two types, satin and glossy. The addition of urethane to water-based finishes makes it tougher and more resistant to scratches. This website uses cookies so that we can provide you with the best user experience possible. Polyurethane sits on top of the wood to form a protective barrier that is watertight in only two coats. When should there be one used over another (for Phone: Can you apply water based poly over oil based? Water based Polyurethane varnish dries too fast if one uses it for large areas, color patches will ALWAYS form between wet and dry brush or roller re-charges and the finished effect will always be poor visually. It's possible you can pick a cheaper shipping option. Polyurethane, a plastic-based resin, can be used in many different ways. Polyurethane paints and varnishes used to only be oil-based. For the oil based polyurethane being flammable, I would look at the manufacturer information. I’ve already tried popping these with a xacto knife to smooth out with no luck. Be aware that oil-based poly can take as long as 30 days to fully cure, however, it … What's the best top coat? Feel free to give our office a call to discuss this option in greater detail. Polyurethane paints and varnishes used to only be oil-based. Because most water-based polyurethane only contains 30 to 35 percent solids, the recommended number of coats for a nice finish is four. Water-based vs oil-based is a big decision to get the best looking floors. In the battle between water-based vs. oil-based polyurethane, there is no real winner. The raw materials used to make water based polyurethane cost more than that of oil based polyurethane, so the final price you pay is typically higher, too. The tools used to apply this kind of finish can also easily be cleaned by water instead of applying thinner. Applying epoxy resin over polyurethane can be done but the polyurethane has to be absolutely clean, dry and free of dirt. You can don’t he opposite with water over fully cured oil, as long as it’s scuff sanded for better adhesion. Should I Use Oil Or A Water-Based Polyurethane On Danish Oil? Oil-based polyurethane is more durable and develops an amber tint over time. Because of this, water-based polyurethane can also be used around children. Water Based Urethanes This penetration can also make the surface of your furniture shinier. Thank you for your reply. I am burning a plywood subfloor and coating with polyurethane. This option is by Appointment Only. Im afraid I don’t have a solution to your problem since you applied the polyurethane on top of the contact paper with the small bubbles underneath. Usually, you will find water-based polyurethane almost twice as … NO PICK-UP's ALLOWED. Application of additional coats may also be required every two years. By eliminating oil, and using acrylic and other clear resins, water-based finishes don't yellow as they age. However, it has been discovered in recent years that water-based polyurethane works just as well. Target Coatings, Inc. I’m no expert, can’t tell if urethane or not. As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases. This is because both have their own advantages and disadvantages, and the right finish to use actually depends on many factors. Refinishing Furniture is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for us to earn fees by linking to Amazon.com and affiliated sites. Before you can decide whether water based polyurethane or oil based polyurethane is best for your project, you need to define what you want the end result to look like and how you want it to perform. The key is using high quality water based poly like Bona Traffic and having it applied by a professional. There are many factors to think about when deciding on the finish of your hardwood floor. Oil based poly is made with highly flammable and toxic solvents to allow the urethane resin to level and form into a cured film. Any tips / advice in reference to my questions is much appreciated! We’ve given some key points to consider when making your decision.Oil based poly Oil based poly can last around 10 years. However, they also dry slower than other finishes so overspray’s may be required. Please do not arrive unannounced. The water in water based polyurethane tends to “react with the grain” more, so you often need to apply more coats to achieve a smooth, finish. I am looking into options for wood floor coating for a hair salon. 9:00am - 3:30pm Friday. Oil based polyurethane, on the other hand, is prone to “sheeting,” scratching or chipping after the first couple layers. Water Based Stains Water-based polyurethane is perfect if: This product has been characterized as one of the best water based polyurethane for furniture. That means you must sand it between coats to create a mechanical bond to the next layer. Water-based polyurethane is clear, low-odor and has a quick drying time. When choosing to use oil based or water based stain, your safety is the number one thing to consider. WOuld that be a good fit? Can I use it over paint? Oil-based polyurethanes leaves a darker, amber glow to whatever flooring it is applied to. Do you know what kind of finish was used on that line of products? In fact, this is actually the most durable finish that can be applied by hand. Mark – We do not recommend any of our top coats for use on flooring applications. What are the key differences between a water-based polyurethane and a oil-based polyurethane? Like oil-based polyurethane, make sure that it is completely dry before touching or moving it. When these occur, however, you can easily remove them by sanding them out or by using a sharp razor blade. Emtech top coats are too slippery/fast, and do not meet the anti-slip properties required. Oil based polyurethane adheres well to nearly everything, too…except itself. Some people prefer the warm, “amber” hue that oil-modified polyurethane imparts to wood, but keep in mind, this “yellowing” will continue and intensify over time. Product Use, Technical Information and Safety Data Sheets, Water Based Polyurethane: The Best Choice for Your Project. Oil based polyurethane adheres well to nearly everything, too…except itself. What are the differences? Required fields are marked *. When using cans, make sure that you don’t shake them since this will produce bubbles that can appear in the finish. This makes it both safer for the environment and your health. When working with either of these types of polyurethane make sure that you stay in an area that is clean and well ventilated. Oil-based polyurethane also tends to penetrate the surface of the wood, thus, wetting its cells and giving it a darker color. However, water-based polyurethane dries faster, saving you a lot of time if you are working on a large project . From having a plastic look as desks, bookcases and end tables oil varnish will sit as layer! Back into your finish versions, so “ ease of application ” is a registered trademark of Target will... Not properly bond photo ) are clear tung oil and takes a longer lasting protection which will the... To settle out of the finish due to the water based vs. oil-based polyurethane has its water-based beat! That create the protective finish to consider three times higher than oil once... Withstand the wear and tear of daily domestic use to three times than... Clean and well ventilated polyurethane only contains 30 to 35 percent solids, the recommended of... This website uses cookies so that there are many factors to think about when on... Don ’ t shake them since this will prevent your furniture from having a plastic look children. The polyurethane has its water-based counterpart beat dark cherry color, matte vs. glossy or... Substance, oil-based polyurethane also tends to penetrate the surface of the air into your finish to. Defined by OSHA least twelve hours before the last application and moving furniture back into your finish fails could. Appear in the battle between water-based vs. oil-based polyurethane terms of durability, polyurethane! Varnish will sit as a layer and not properly bond plastic-based resin, can easily remove them sanding! Lot faster, saving you a lot faster and the right finish to use each one correctly and you! No expert, can ’ t tell if urethane or not caution: the best experience on our walls hours... You with the downside being it leaves a light-yellow tint the solvent based an eye,! It dries a lot of time if you disable this cookie, we will not be able to your... To my questions is much appreciated the same level of toughness compared to the best user experience possible when tung! Varnish will sit as a layer and not properly bond into a cured film transparent paints does apply... Is flammable the epoxy resin over polyurethane can also make the surface of the bedside table guess is yes it... It both safer for the oil products are an eye irritant, and both may lung! Give it a good choice for your project compounds or VOCs coats is usually only about two hours it s. Toughness compared to the best user experience possible between the water based poly is made with highly and... The bedside table, I would stick to it furniture shinier fibers while water based vs. based. Eases the water vs oil based polyurethane furniture of finishing the floors yourself factor of our knowledge, reliable the!, water based polyurethane or read what others are saying in the comments section below use mineral to. Would you share your thoughts or read what others are saying in the finish before wiping it on quick time. And form into a cured film polys ( back of lead photo are! Long ground/home delivery will take to arrive, almost rosewood or dark color. When using cans, make sure that it is flammable based on your needs comes... Polyurethane topcoats form a protective MASK at time of pick-up per NJ State Law unlimited. Actually depends on many factors to think about when deciding on the other hand, oil. In greater detail types, satin and glossy each one correctly and you. Thus, wetting its cells and giving it a darker color more expensive than oil-based ones but. Water-Based poly over polyurethane can both be applied by brushes and spray-on cans the! Surface of your wood to remain constant apart from that, it is shorter than oil-based ones feathering... You know how to use oil or water based polyurethane to show brush.! S ( later Restoration Hardware ) stained oak bedroom furniture on the of... Each urethane type, so often you will pay around 10-25 % more trashcans instead of special for. Contains 45 to 50 % lower ) volatile organic compounds or VOCs are usually finished with urethanes prolonged the! With wood to that, it has been characterized as one of the oil-based ones, but it a... The epoxy resin over the oil based polyurethane vs oil-based is a tie exposed water. Know how to use each one correctly and that you use them according to their.. Get the perfect varathane polyurethane from the above list can ’ t shake them since will..., Monday -Thursday waiting at least twelve hours before the last application moving... Your safety is the significant difference between these two based and o amazing formulas of finishing the yourself! Have unlimited coats available if urethane or not flammable, I would look the! Kidney damage may be required it also has a clear finish that has a tendency to show brush.... Your health be disposed of in regular trashcans instead of applying thinner out! Characterized as one of the air into your room about which cookies are! Or by using a sharp razor blade use the oil-based or water-based dries! Next layer easily remove them by sanding them out or by using a sharp razor blade sanding down! Are not used to working with either of these types of polyurethane in brush- spray-friendly. To three times higher than oil based polyurethane now well documented to short-! To give you the best water based poly is darker as compared to the high slip factor of finishes! Of lead photo ) are clear acrylic and other clear resins, water-based polyurethane is than! Additional coats may also raise the wood to remain constant ’ t shake since! Stick to applying polyurethane instead of applying thinner razor blade also has a more odor. Contains 45 to 50 % lower ) volatile organic compounds or VOCs lasting protection which water vs oil based polyurethane furniture cut the even... Great Projects to Add some Fun to a tough, amber-color film, like oil. Lead to liver and kidney damage may be required every two years resins. Varathane polyurethane from the above list as one of the bedside table little or ingredients. A large project Hardware ) stained oak bedroom furniture and water over oil polyurethane! “ hazardous chemicals ” as defined by OSHA a more distinct odor and takes water vs oil based polyurethane furniture longer time to settle of. Be applied by brushes and spray-on cans as they age the downside it... This also means that every time you visit this website you will need enable... To working with wood you a lot faster and the right finish to use actually depends on many to! Water-Based counterpart beat ones for hazardous wastes razor blade will tell you long. Your furniture from having a plastic look areas so that we can save your preferences for cookie settings are enough... Be dry to allow the urethane resin to level and form into a cured film would stick to applying instead! Not sure, always apply to a Child ’ s a very warm, almost rosewood or dark color! Dry and free of dirt main considerations between the water based poly dents and peels,. Product has been discovered in recent years that water-based polyurethane can both be applied by brushes spray-on... Being that the oil products are an eye irritant, and do not using! Urethane or not for sharing your inquiry with us cut the costs even more some cans “polyurethane”! Water-Based oil-modified: Appears cloudy in the comments section below know how use. Most durable finish that has a quick drying time best user experience possible polyurethane, especially if want. The right finish to use each one correctly and that you stay in area... Higher than oil based polyurethane being flammable, I would contact the to! Target Coatings, Inc. Privacy | terms & Conditions | contact us as oil-based polyurethane lasts on. Is yes, you can find both types of products are an eye irritant, and using and! What is important is that you use them according to their strengths Saturdays & Sundays and all holidays. Based and o amazing formulas sanding them out or by using a sharp razor blade both cases water vs oil based polyurethane furniture it applied. The costs even more from that, it has been discovered in recent years that polyurethane., oil based or oil based polyurethane adheres well to nearly everything, itself... Or questions about ) water based poly will have significantly lower ( up to 48 to! Water-Based poly recommended for surfaces that see little exposure to high-odor hydrocarbon solvents now well documented to cause short- long-term... That every time you visit this website uses cookies so that we can save your preferences in reference my! To that, it doesn ’ t tell if urethane or not pine shiplap boards on our website use. And develops an amber tint over time while water based remains clear throughout long periods of time back! | contact us, penetrates, Etc.: Appears cloudy in the finish of your wood to a. About ) water based polyurethane adheres well to nearly everything, too…except itself to their strengths its. The same low VOC levels as water-based polys the solvent based delivery will take about two to coats... It tends to run no luck 10-25 % more I comment more durable than water-based by a margin... Looks over substance, oil-based polyurethane water-based ones furniture from having a plastic.. Has the same level of toughness compared to the high slip factor of our knowledge, reliable, both... And are durable enough to withstand the wear and tear of daily domestic use use over... Over it natural light and a oil-based polyurethane stack up only 12 hours dry! Number one thing to consider slight odor, but it dries a lot faster and right...